Some grammar discoveries made in examining an example of post-classical mrchi discovered April 21st, 2002

The text:

golba lil, csba tac, yt'thlvap'f kep' vg karttpia'c t traharttpia'c. vrthba dlch, cnzba allt, yt'thlvap'f kep' vg forpia'c t chelic.

yt'hlsp'a ttra kfia'c! yt'hlsp'a latmi, na-srp'n lilp t tacp alltic t dlch'c! yt'ap!

Here part of the scroll is missing. The text resumes with:
dlfia'c yt'yitnidhlp'r allt, yt'yirhacadhlp'r tac, yt'yiladadhlp'r lil, t dlchbit yt'metafhlp't!

In the reformed orthography:

gOlba lil, cseba tac, ittlhvapfo kEp vge kuartetpiac te trahartetpiac. vrthba dlche, cnzba allt, ittlhvapfo kEp vge fOrpiac te chElic.

itlhsopa ttra kfiac! itlhsopa latmi, nasropn lilpe te tacpe alltic te dlchec! itap!

delfiac ityitonidlhpr allt, ityirhacadlhpr tac, ityiladadlhpr lil, te dlchebit itmEtaflhpte!

Interlinear text

gol-balil,cs-batac,yt-t(hl)va-p-f
Owest-fromwater,Oeast-fromfire,maygive.OPTPRES.2ND PP
Owater from the west,Ofire from the east,mayyou give

kep-v-gkartt-pia-cttrahartt-pia-c
DAT.1ST PS2ND PPPOSS.opposeGER.ACC.andinteractGER.ACC.
tomeyouroppositionandinteraction

vrth-badlch,cnz-baallt,yt-t(hl)va-p-f
Osouth-fromearth,Onorth-fromwind,maygive.OPTPRES.2ND PP
Oearth from the south,Owind from the north,mayyou give

kep-v-gfor-pia-ctchel-ic
DAT.1ST PS2ND PPPOSS.separateGER.ACC.andbalanceACC.
tomeyourseparationandbalance

yt-(hl)s-p-at-trakf-ia-c
OmayCOP.OPTPRES.1ST PS3RD PP-betweenzero-nessACC.
OmayI bethe emptiness between them

yt-(hl)s-p-alatm-i,na-sr-p-n
OmayCOP.OPTPRES.1ST PStree-likewhichmakePRES.3RD PS INAN.
OmayI belike a treewhichmakes

lil-pttac-pallt-ictdlch-c
water-out ofandfire-out ofwindACC.andearthACC.
from waterandfrom firewindandearth

yt-a-p
OmaybePRES.
So mote it be!

Second fragment

dl-fi-a-cyt-yi-tni-d-hl-p-rallt,
OleavePASS PT.RENOM.ACC.mayall-blowCAUSOPTPRES.3RD PSwind
Owhat remainsmaythe wind blow away,

yt-yirhaca-dhl-p-rtac,yt-yi-lada-d-hl-p-rlil,
mayburn upCAUSOPTPRES.3RD PSfiremayallflowCAUSOPTPRES.3RD PSwater
maythe fire burn up,maythe water wash away

tdlch-bityt-meta-f-hl-p-t!
andearth-undermaycoverPASSOPTPRES.3RD PP
andunder the earthmaythey be buried

Conclusions

The text contains some new constructions.

While word order remains remarkably free, note the increasing tendency compared to earlier texts for postpositional phrases to precede that which they modify.

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Last updated: 4/22/2002